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Treatment Pathways and Timelines


From diagnosis to treatment:

  • Typically, this occurs within 4-8 weeks with a referral from a gynecologist or family doctor.
  • This timeline will also depend on the type of cancer you have. Some types of cancer require more treatment intervention than others.

Surgery and Healing

This varies depending on the type of surgery that you have:

  • Some procedures done with minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopy) allow you to go home the same day or next.
  • If you require an incision, your hospital stay is typically 3-5 days post-surgery.
  • A pathology report usually takes at least 2-4 weeks to process. Some may take longer depending on procedure and resources.
  • The first follow-up visit with your surgeon will be 4-6 weeks post-surgery.
  • Healing and recovery, usually take 4-8 weeks, depending on the type of surgery you had done.

Treatments at Cancer Centre / Clinic

If further treatment is required after surgery, this is typically given in two forms:

  • Chemotherapy (Chemo): Chemo is given in cycles. You receive chemo on certain days, with rest periods in between. Each treatment and rest period is considered a cycle. Typically, you will receive 6 cycles of chemo, but this number may vary, depending on your situation.
  • Radiation: Radiation is given once daily, Monday to Friday, for a specific number of treatments. Depending on the reasons for which this is prescribed, it may vary from 2-7 weeks

While undergoing treatment, you may require some further support. Speak with your health care team regarding possible referrals to other services such as nutrition counselling (dietician), supportive care (counselling for you and your family members), and pain and symptom management.


  • Usually you will be asked to follow up with your oncologist for a period of time after treatment in order to evaluate effectiveness of treatment and to monitor for potential recurrence for 3-5 years.
  • Follow-up intervals vary from every 3 months initially, with intervals gradually increasing as time passes.
  • Once your follow-up is complete, you will be discharged to the care of your family doctor/gynecologist.

Life after Cancer

Once treatment is complete, many patients experience a sense of relief and/or anxiety.Speak to your health care team regarding resources in your community that can help you regain your sense of self.


Our Partners

The Society of Gynecologic Oncology of Canada welcomes and values industry partnerships.

GOC acknowledges the ongoing support of these dedicated partners for their commitment to gynecologic oncology in Canada. Thank you.

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